The Deity of Messiah in the Scriptures
James Scott Trimm
The Deity of Messiah is Scriptural
The deity of Messiah is very easy to show from the Scriptures. The simplest way to show the deity of Messiah in the Scriptures is to point to instances where the “New Testament” quotes passages from the Tanak (“Old Testament”) and applies them to the Messiah.
For example in John 19:37, Zech. 12:10 is quoted:
But when they came to Yeshua, they saw that he was dead already
and did not break his legs.
But one of the soldiers stuck him in his side with a spear
and immediately blood and water came forth,…
For these things happened that the scripture might be fulfilled
which said, A bone of him will not be broken.(Ps. 34:21(20))
And again another scripture that said, They will look at him
whom they pierced. (Zech 12:10)
But now let us look at Zechariah 12:10 in context:
The burden of the word of YHWH concerning Israel.
The saying of YHWH, who stretched forth the heavens,
And laid the foundation of the earth,
And formed the spirit of man within him…
I will pour out upon the house of David,
And upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
The spirit of grace and supplication;
And they shall look at Me whom they pierced;
And they shall mourn for him, as one mourns for an only son….
(Zech. 12:1, 10)
The one being pierced in Jn. 19:37 is clearly Yeshua but the one being pierced in Zech. 12:10 is clearly YHWH. (For more on this passage see my blog They Shall Look Toward Me Whom They Have Pierced)
Lets now look at the quotation of Is. 8:14 in Rom. 9:32:
Because it was not from faith but from “Works of the Law”,
for they stumbled at the stumbling stone.
Now Paul is clearly referring here it Messiah, but lets now look at Is. 8:14 in context:
YHWH of hosts, Him shall you sanctify; and let Him be your
fear, and let Him be your dread. And He shall be for a sanctuary;
but for a stumbling stone and for a rock of offense
to both the houses of Israel…
Here it is clearly YHWH who is the “stumbling stone”.
OK now lets look at Phil. 2:10-11:
That at the name of Yeshua every knee will bow
that is in heaven or on earth and that is under the earth,
and every tongue will confess that Yeshua the Messiah is YHWH,
to the glory of Eloah the Father.
Here Paul clearly refer to Is. 45:23:
Thus says YHWH…
That unto Me every knee shall bow,
and every tongue shall swear.
(Is. 45:1, 23)
Clearly Paul applies a Tanak passage which clearly speaks of YHWH to the Messiah.
Now lets look at Rom. 10:9, 13:
And if you confess with your mouth our Adon Yeshua,
And you believe in your heart that Eloah raised him from the dead,
you will be saved. …
For all who will call on the name of YHWH will be saved.
(Rom. 10:9, 13)
Here Paul clearly quotes Joel 3:5 (2:32) but applies the passage to Yeshua despite the fact that Joel is clearly here speaking of YHWH.
There are several other examples:
James 5:7 clearly speaks of the coming of Messiah as likened to the “former and latter rain” while in Hosea 6:3 this is clearly the coming of YHWH.
Likewise Jude 1:14 & 1 Thes. 3:13 refer to the coming of Messiah yet quote 1Enoch 1:9 & Zech. 14:5 which clearly refer to the coming of YHWH.
Finally in Mt. 22:41-46 Yeshua himself identifies himself with the “YHWH” at the right hand of “YHWH” in Ps. 110:1-2, 5. (See my blog The Lord said to My Lord – Psalm 110 and the Messiah)
In all of these passages we can clearly see that the Nazarene authors of the Ketuvim, believed in the deity of Messiah and did not hesitate to cite passages from the Tanak that were clearly speaking of YHWH to apply them to the Messiah.
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