Nazarene Space

Tour of the Apocrypha: 1st Esdras- A Picture of the Restoration

Tour of the Apocrypha:
1st Esdras - A Picture of the Restoration
By
James Scott Trimm



1st Esdras has been given various names. In the Greek LXX this book is titled IEsdras while our canonical books of Ezra and Nehemiah combined are titled 2Esdras. In the Latin Vulgate our book of Ezra is 1Esdras; Nehemish is 2Esdras and this book is titled "3Esdras" In the KJV it is titled "1Esdras".

1st Esdras is synoptic (parallel) to Ezra-Nehemiah and reproduces the material of 2Chron. 35:1-36:23; most of Ezra and Neh. 7:38-8:12 along with one added narrative. The additional narrative (3:1-5:6) recounts how three of Darius' guards (one of whom is Zerubbabel) debate which is strongest: wine; the king, women or truth. Zerubbabel argues that women are stronger than a king, but that truth is stronger than either. His argument is so good that Darius rewards him by allowing him to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple.

This book is clearly of ancient Jewish origin. The First Century Jewish Historian Josephus tends to follow 1Esdras rather than the canonical account in Ezra-Nehemiah in his history of the time period. Also Josephus regards the additional narrative as historical fact and includes a version of it (Ant. 11:3:2) in his Antiquities of the Jews.

1Esdras was cited as an authoritative source by Clement of Alexandria, right along side Tobit:

…...and Tobias, through the assistance of the angel Raphael,
married Sarah, the demon having killed her seven first suitors; and after the
marriage of Tobias, his father Tobit recovered his sight. At that time
Zorobabel, having by his wisdom overcome his opponents, and obtained
leave from Darius for the rebuilding of Jerusalem, returned with Esdras to
his native land; and by him the redemption of the people and the revisal
and restoration of the inspired oracles were effected; and the passover of
deliverance celebrated, and marriage with aliens dissolved.
(Clement of Alexandria; THE STROMATA 1:21 )


1st Esdras is part of the canon of the Greek Septuagint and is regarded as canonical by the Eastern Orthodox; Armenian Apostolic and Ethiopic Orthodox Churches.  As was part of the Roman Catholic Canon until Pope Clement VIII moved it to an Appendix in the back of the vulgate in the 17th Century.

The book of 1Esdras was originally written in Hebrew, but the original Hebrew seems to have been lost. All modern translations have been made from the Greek version. The original Hebrew seems to have survived as recently as 1611. The translators of the 1611 Edition KJV included marginal notes to their text of "1Esdras" giving alternate renderings of words from "the Hebrew" (in such passages as 3:13; 4:14; 7:5, 9; 8:23, 32, 50, 57, 66, 79, 96). At least two of these marginal notes are to words found in the additional narrative (3:1-5:6) and could not have refered to parallel readings in Ezra/Nehemiah.

Everything in the Scriptures is there for a purpose, so what is the purpose for 1st Esdras? The vast majority of this book rehashes material found in 2Chonicles, Ezra and Nehemiah, with completely new material only appearing in the account of the three bodyguards in the court of King Darius in 3:1-5:6. (This book is synoptic (parallel) to Ezra-Nehemiah and reproduces the material of 2Chron. 35:1-36:23; most of Ezra and Neh. 7:38-8:12 along with one added story.) So why is this book there? Why not simply include the story of three bodyguards alone, or incorporate that story into the Book of Ezra? Why was Ezra inspired to write a second book? And why was it a book HaSatan tried so desperately to get out of your Scriptures?


The answer is that 1st Esdras is about the return of Judah after the Babylonian captivity. It is a type of the restoration of the House of Judah. In recent blogs I have written about the Apostasy and Restoration and the implications of Isaiah 29 and Romans 11 for Restoration of the ancient sect of Nazarene Judaism. 1Esdras includes the material that it includes, in just the order that it does, so as to teach us a typological message about the restoration we are experiencing right now!

The book begins with a brief recount of the last days of the Kingdom of Israel (1Esdras 1:1-58 parallels 2Chron. 35:1-36:21).

The book moves on to the decree to return to the Land of Judah (1Esdras 2:1-15 parallels Ezra 1:1-11 & 1Esdras 2:16-30 parallels Ezra 4:7-24) but then gives us the additional information about the three bodyguards in Ezra 3:1-5:6)

The added story (3:1-5:6) recounts how three of Darius' guards (one of whom is Zerubbabel) debate which is strongest: wine; the king, women or truth. Zerubbabel argues that women are stronger than a king, but that truth is stronger than either. His
argument is so good that Darius rewards him by allowing him to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple.

Why is this story here? It is here to teach us something. In Ezra 1:1-11 and 4:7-24 Ezra tells us about the decree to return of the House of Judah, but 1Esdras tells us that this return was fueled by a revelation Zerubavel received while yet in the captivity, a revelation of the strength of truth so as to overcome all things.

In the story we are presented with three things that are strong, but not as strong as truth: wine, kings and women. These represent the strength of Babylon, which is no match for the strength of truth!

Wine brings on drunkenness and delusion and is often associated in the Scriptures with apostasy:

9 Stupefy yourselves, and be stupid! Blind yourselves, and be blind: you that are
drunken, but not with wine; that stagger, but not with strong drink.
10 For YHWH has poured out upon you the spirit of deep sleep, and has closed your
eyes: the prophets and your heads, the seers, has He covered. (quoted in Rom. 11:8)
11 And the vision of all this is become unto you as the words of a writing that is sealed,…
(Isaiah 29:9-11 HRV)

Bavel has been a golden cup in YHWH’s hand, that made all the earth drunken. The
nations have drunk of her wine, therefore the nations are mad.
(Jer. 51:7 HRV)

Kings represent political and military might. This brings to mind the political and military might of the Beast of Revelation 13:

1 And I stood on the sand of the sea. And I saw a beast coming up from the sea that
had ten horns and seven heads: and upon his horns, ten diadems, and upon his head,
the name of blasphemy.
2 And the beast that I saw was like a leopard, and his feet like those of a bear, and his mouth [was] like that of lions. And the dragon gave to him his power, and his throne, and great authority.
3 And one of his heads was, as it were, wounded to death: and he was resurrected [from] the wound of death, and the whole world was amazed after the beast.
4 And they worshipped the dragon, because he gave authority to the beast. And they
worshipped the beast saying, Who is like this beast, and who is able to make war with him?
(Rev. 13:1-4 HRV)

Finally there is the seductive power of women. This recalls the great whore of Babylon who seduces believers away from YHWH. The picture of the king’s concubine manipulation and control of the king in 1Esdras 4:28-32, recalls the unholy alliance between the Great Whore as she rides the Beast (Rev. 13)

All three of the great strengths of Babylon are pictured in Revelation 17 as the Great Whore rides the Beast with the cup of the wine of her fornication in her hand.

2 With whom the kings of the earth have fornicated, and all the inhabitants of the earth
have become drunk, from the wine of her fornication.
3 And he led me to the wilderness in the Spirit: and I saw a woman who was sitting
on a red beast that was full of names of blasphemy; that had seven heads and ten
horns.
(Rev. 17:2-3 HRV)

Thus wine, kings and woman represent the strength of Babylon.

Zerubavel agrees that wine is strong and that kings are stronger, but he also realizes that both of these are just tools for the Great Whore. Zerubavel recognizes that stronger than these three strengths of Babylon is truth which is strongest of all!

Upon their coming out from Babylon, Judah begins to a restoration based on this revelation that truth overcomes all of the strength of Babylon.

The first thing they do is to “Begin to build the House of YHWH” (1Esdras 6:2). Likewise, based upon the revelation of truth, this last days restoration and coming forth from Babylon began by beginning to rebuild the spiritual House of YHWH, the Assembly of Elohim, built not of stones, but of believers:

19 Henceforth, you are neither strangers nor foreigners, but sons of the city, who are sanctified, and sons of the house of Eloah.
20 And you are built upon the foundation of the emissaries and of the prophets: and Yeshua the Messiah has become the head of the corner of the building.
21 And in Him all the building is fit together and is growing into a Set-Apart Temple in YHWH,
22 While also you are built in Him, for a habitation of Eloah, by the Spirit.
(Eph. 2:19-22 HRV)

Of course Ephesians tells us that the unity of this body is built upon its leadership:

11 And He gave some: emissaries, and some prophets, and some proclaimers, and some pastors, and some teachers,
12 For the perfecting of the Set-Apart-Ones: for the work of the service; for the
edification of the body of the Messiah,
13 Until all of us become one and the same, in the Trust and in the knowledge of the Son of Eloah: and one complete man, according to the measure of the stature of the fullness of the Messiah.
14 And we should not be infants, who are shaken and turned about by every wind of the deceitful teachings of the sons of men, who by their craftiness are plotting to deceive:
(Eph. 4:11-14 HRV)

And likewise Ezra’s Restoration of the House of Judah also involved the restoration of the Beit Din:

23: And you, Ezra, according to the Wisdom of Elohim ordain judges and justices, that they may judge in all Syria and Phenice all those that know the Torah of your Elohim; and those that know it not you shall teach.
(1Esdras 8:23)

Finally Ezra’s Restoration of the House of Judah involved reading the Torah to the people, teaching it, and explaining its meaning to them:

38: And the whole multitude came together with one accord into the broad place of the set-apart porch toward the east:
39: And they spake unto Ezra the cohen and reader, that he would bring the Torah of Moshe, that was given of the Adonai YHWH of Yisrael.
40: So Ezra the chief cohen brought the Torah unto the whole multitude from man to woman, and to all the cohanim, to hear Torah in the first day of the seventh month.
41: And he read in the broad court before the set-apart porch from morning unto midday, before both men and women; and the multitude gave heed unto the Torah.
42: And Ezra the cohen and reader of the Torah stood up upon a pulpit of wood, which was made for that purpose. …

45: Then took Ezra the Book of the Torah before the multitude: for he sat above them all honorably in the first place in the sight of them all.
46: And when he opened the Torah, they stood all straight up. So Ezra blessed Adonai YHWH Elyon, the Elohim of hosts, Almighty.
47: And all the people answered, Amen; and lifting up their hands they fell to the ground, and worshipped YHWH.
48: Also Yeshua, Hanan, Sherevyah, Adinus, Akuv, Shabtai, Auteas, Maianeas, and K’lita, Azaryah, and Yozavad, and Ananias, Biatas, the L’vi’im, taught the Torah of YHWH, making them all to understand it.
49: Then spake Attharates unto Ezra the chief cohen. and reader, and to the L’vi’im that taught the multitude, even to all, saying,
50: This day is set-apart unto YHWH; (for they all wept when they heard the Torah:)
51: Go then, and eat the fat, and drink the sweet, and send part to them that have nothing;
52: For this day is set-apart unto YHWH: and be not sorrowful; for YHWH will bring you to honor.
53: So the L’vi’im published all things to the people, saying, This day is set-apart to YHWH; be not sorrowful.
54: Then went they their way, every one to eat and drink, and make merry, and to give part to them that had nothing, and to make great cheer;
55: Because they understood the words wherein they were instructed, and for which they had been assembled.
(1Esdras 9:38-55 parallels Neh. 7:74-8:12)

Likewise in this Last Days Restoration of the House of Judah we must teach the Torah to the people whom have been called out of Babylon so that they may understand it.

Babylon has strength in the wine of her deception and in the political and military might of her kings. She may keep the masses drunk with her wine and controlled with her kings, but she is no match for the strength of truth by which true Nazarene Judaism is being restored in these last days!

And that is why HaSatan did not want you to have 1st Esdras in your Bibles!



If you believe in the work we are doing here then now is the time to step up to the plate and financially support this work.

We really need you to step forward and do your part.

Please help us bring the message of Torah and Messiah to a lost world and create Scripture study materials for believers.

You can donate by going to the pay-pal counter at
http://www.nazarenespace.com or donations can be sent by paypal to donations@wnae.org.


Donations can also be made out to “Nazarene Judaism” and sent to:

Nazarene Judaism
PO Box 471
Hurst, TX 76053

Views: 246

Comment by ronnie saunders on February 7, 2015 at 12:37pm

DR.TRIMM, SHALOM

I HAVE A QUESTION ABOUT YOU, USING THE TERM "JEW" ARE YOU NOT AN ISRAELITE? AS YOU KNOW THE LETTER "J" IS ABOUT 400YRS OLD AN EVEN IN THE 1611 KING IAMES BIBLE  THE LETTER "J" WAS NOT USED. ACCORDING THE THE JEWISH WRITER (FRIEDMAN) THE WORD JEW WAS'NT USED IN OUR BIBLE UNTIL 1775, SO WHY DO YOU KEEP USING THE JEW? THE CORRECT WORD IS YAHUDIM, PLEASE EXPLAIN WHY? AND THANK YOU THE LESSON TODAY IT WAS BEAUTIFUL

RON S.

Comment by James Trimm on February 7, 2015 at 12:39pm

Because I am writing in modern English and the letter "J" does exist in modern English.  Are you suggesting I start writing my blogs in Middle English?

Comment by ronnie saunders on February 7, 2015 at 12:54pm

NO, BUT IAM ASKING, WHY DON'T YOU USE THE PROPER HEBREW WORD YAHUDIM?

Comment by James Trimm on February 7, 2015 at 1:56pm

Well for one thing, if I wrote my blog in Hebrew, I don't think many of you could read it, so I wrote it in modern English.

Secondly the Hebrew word for "Jews" is not "YAHUDIM" it is "Y'hudim". 

There is an unfortunate tendency in the Sacred Name movement for people who have no real knowledge of Hebrew and assume that any Hebrew name that starts with a "Y" must be an altered Yahwistic name.  This is not always the case.  For example the "Book of Jasher" is the "Sefer HaYashar" NOT "Sefer HaYahshar" as some have wrongly assumed. 

Y'hudah is also a prime example.

The root word for this name is the Hebrew Root HOD a verb meaning "praise" or "honor".  The "Y" prefixed to this verb puts the verb in the "imperfect" verb form referring to an incomplete or ongoing action "praises" or "shall praise". (Similar to adding "-ing" to the end of an English verb)) "Y'hudim" thus is from the noun form of the imperfect verb and means "one who praises" or "one who shall praise". 

Comment by Mikha El on February 7, 2015 at 5:02pm

This may help.... (sorry, I didn't record my source)
__________________________________________________-

There is a misunderstanding going around that Abraham, Isaac and Jacob were not "Jews" which has recently been propagated by World Net Daily.

This statement is made based on the fact that the Hebrew word behind "Jew" (Y'hudah) refered originally to the Tribe of Judah only. Later the term "Jew" (Y'hudah) came to refer to the "House of Judah" (Southern Kingdom) as opposed to the "House of Israel" (Northern Kingdom). Thus this usage of the word came to refer to Mordechai and Ester in the Book of Ester (who were Benjamites) as well as Paul (who was also a Benjamite). Since only the House of Judah continued in the true worship of YHWH after the division of the Kingdoms, the true faith of YHWH became known as "Judaism" (2Macc. 2:21) and anyone who accepted that faith was known as a "Jew". In Tobit 11:17 Ephaimites (Israelite's from the ten tribes of the Norther Kingdom) are called "Jews" and in Ester 8:17 even Persians who convert to the faith of YHWH are termed "Jews". The modern dictionary definition for the English word "Jew" allows the word to refer to a follower of the Jewish religion, or as a synonym for a "Hebrew".

While it is true that if you could go back in a time machine and ask Abraham is he is a "Jew" he would say "no", that does not mean he was not a Jew. First of all the word "Jew" is English, and Abraham would not recognize it. The Hebrew word "Y'hudah" literally means "Praiser [of Yahweh]" and no doubt Abraham would agreed that he is a "Praiser of Yahweh". Certainly in English today, it is perfectly correct to refer to Abraham as a "Jew" because he was a "Hebrew" and because he was a follower of the religion that came to be known as "Judaism". If you had asked Yeshua if Abraham was a "Jew" (Y'hudah) he would certainly have agreed that Abraham was a Jew, not because he was of the House of Judah, but because Abraham was a follower of the religion that, by Yeshua's time, had come to be known as "Judaism".

Comment by ronnie saunders on February 7, 2015 at 9:40pm

SO, ARE YOU SAYING BEFORE 1611 THERE ARE SCRIPTURES THAT USED THE LETTER "J"? AND ARE YOU SAYING THAT THE BOOK OF ESTER ORIGINALLY USED THE WORD JEW? OR DID SOMEONE CHANGE IT? DO YOU REALLY THINK THAT, ABRAHAM, ISAAC, AND JACOB WOULD RECONIZED THE NAME JEW? I DID RESEARCH ON THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE, AN THE ETYMOLOGIST SAID THAT 24% OF OUR ENGLISH LANGUAGE IS IN HEBREW, SO MOST OF US YOU HEBREW WORD AN DON'T KNOW IT.

IN MY OPINION WE ARE BETTER OFF, USING THE CORRECT HEBREWS WORD RATHER THAN THE ENGLISH VERSION OF JEW, AFTER THE WORK IS ONLY 400YRS OLD OR PLUS. I FEEL THAT EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW THE NAME OF "YAH" IT SHOULDN'T BE COVERED UP.   "WORSHIP HIM IN SPIRIT AN IN TRUTH"

SHALOM

RON S.

Comment by James Trimm on February 7, 2015 at 11:11pm

No if you read what I said, I said I don't live in 1611 so I write my blogs in modern English.

Comment by ronnie saunders on February 8, 2015 at 12:48am

I UNDERSTAND YOUR ENGLISH WRITING BUT, WHEN IT COMES TO HIS NAME, YAH,YAHWEH,YAHUDIM, WE SHOULD'NT TAKE HIS NAME IN VEIN (NAUGHT) LIKE I SAID EARLIER WE SPEAK HEBREW IN OUR ENGLISH LANGUAGE ANYWAY, SO WHY NOT SPEAK THE TRUE NAMES OF THE ISRAELITES? HE WANTS THE WORLD TO CALL UPON HIS NAME.

SHALOM

RON S..

Comment by Mikha'ELa on February 8, 2015 at 1:05am

I agee with you Ron.

Comment by James Trimm on February 8, 2015 at 1:15am

As I already explained above, the word/name "Y'hudah" (Jews) is NOT a Yahwistic name.  The "Y" in Y'hudim does NOT refer to YHWH at all. 

The root word for this name is the Hebrew Root HOD a verb meaning "praise" or "honor".  The "Y" prefixed to this verb puts the verb in the "imperfect" verb form referring to an incomplete or ongoing action "praises" or "shall praise". (Similar to adding "-ing" to the end of an English verb)) "Y'hudim" thus is from the noun form of the imperfect verb and means "one who praises" or "one who shall praise".

Comment

You need to be a member of Nazarene Space to add comments!

Join Nazarene Space

 

 

 


















 

LINKS

 

 

 

 

Badge

Loading…

© 2017   Created by James Trimm.   Powered by

Badges  |  Report an Issue  |  Terms of Service