This the english version of one post that I wrote in my french blog : cafe-biblique.blogpost.com. French being my native language here in Congo (central africa), I don't speak English fluently (but wish it will change one day). So, with the help of Google translate I have translated the text and done my best to correct some sentences wich were not well translate. Scripture passages are also translated from french.
Some have asserted that there is no verse in the new testament that show that Miriam, the Mother of Yeshua was from the tribe of juda, a descendant of King David, so the claim of Yeshua to the kingship is irrevelant, having no flesh to connection with the lineage of king David. Many have said that Miriam was of the tribe of Levi.
Contrary to what is commonly stated , the Gospel of Luke tells us that Miriam is a descendant of King David.
Indeed, Gabriel announced to Miriam the upcoming birth of his son told him "The Lord God will give him the throne of David his father. "(Luke 1: 32). This clearly shows that:
1) Miriam was of the tribe of Judah and a descendant of David Solomon as his son will have the throne of David his father. The essential requirement for sitting on the throne of David was to be of the tribe of Judah and a descendant of David through Solomon.
"The King David rose to his feet and said: Hear me, my brothers and my people! I intend to build a home for the ark of the covenant of the Lord and for the footstool of our God, and I was preparing to build. But God said to me: You do not bâtiras a house in my name, because you are a man of war and you have paid blood. The Lord, the God of Israel, chose me in the house of my father, for I was king of Israel forever, for he chose Judah headed, he chose the house of my father the house of Judah, and among the son of my father is that he wanted me to rule over all Israel. Between my son - because the Lord gave me great son - he has chosen my son Solomon to do sit on the throne of the Kingdom of the Lord on Israel. He said: Solomon your son, build my house and my front, because I have chosen for my son and I will be his father. J'affermirai his kingdom forever, if it remains as committed today in the practice of my commandments and my orders. "(1 Chronicles 28: 2 - 7)
When the Bible introduces the history of the reign of kings of Judah, it is often said whether or not their behavior in relation to that of their father David. This is not the case for the kings who dominated the northern kingdom of Israel since they weren't descended from David or Solomon.
"The eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam, son of Nebath, Abijam reigned over Judah. He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother called Maacah, daughter of Abisalom. He gave all the sins that his father had committed before him, and his heart was not whole point to the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father. "(1 Kings 15: 1 - 3)
"The second year of Joash, son of Joachaz, King of Israel, Amaziah, son of Joash, king of Judah reigned. He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. His mother called Joaddan, Jerusalem. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, but not like David, his father, acting as fully acted Joash, his father. "(2 Kings 14: 1 - 3)
"The third year of Hosea, the son of Ela, king of Israel, Hezekiah son of Achaz, king of Judah reigned. He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. His mother called Abi, daughter of Zechariah. He did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, as was entirely his father David. "(2 Kings 18: 1 - 3)
Miriam was of the tribe of Judah in the lineage of David Solomon as his son would sit on the throne of David his father.
2) If Miriam was of the tribe of Levi, Gabriel would not state the parentage of her son to King David.
So it seems, the father of Miriam was married to a Levite, because the Bible says that Elizabeth, the mother of John the Baptist was relative to Miriam.
"From the time of Herod, king of Judea, there was a priest named Zechariah, class Abia; his wife was from the daughters of Aaron, and called Elizabeth. "(Luke 1: 5)
"Here, Elizabeth, your relative, has designed, also a son in his old age, and one that was called barren is in her sixth month. Because nothing is impossible with God. Miriam said: I am the servant of the Lord; it be to me according to your word! And the angel left. "(Luke 1: 36)
But this does not mean that Miriam was of the tribe of Levi.
The scriptures give us the example of Aaron, the brother of Moses who was married to a daughter of the house of Judah. Nowhere in the records it is stated that the children of Aaron were the tribe of Judah. They were all Levites and were not counted in the tribe of Judah.
"Aaron took Élischéba woman, daughter of Amminadab, Nachschon sister, and she bore him Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. "(Exodus 6: 23)
"The father of Judah and Thamar Pharès Zara; Pharès engendra Esrom; Esrom father of Aram, Aram the father AMINADAB; AMINADAB engendered Naasson; Naasson Salmon father;" (Matthew 1: 3 - 4)
Similarly, the father of Miriam, who was the house of David, as is clear from Luke 1: 35, has a daughter who will be counted in tribe of Judah and not in that of Levi even though he was married to a Levite.
In addition, Zechariah, father of John the Baptist and husband of Elizabeth, in the house of whom Miriam remained 3 months , blessed the Lord that it has generated a savior in the house of David (Luke 1: 67 - 69).
"Zechariah 67, his father was filled with the Holy Spirit and prophesied, saying, 68Béni be the Lord, the God of Israel, he has visited and redeemed his people, 69 And we generated a Savior powerful in the house of David, his servant, "(Luke 1: 67 - 69)
As it is likely that Miriam had tell Elizabeth and Zechariah the interview she had with Grabiel, if Zecharie counted Miriam in the tribe of Levi he would never have talked about the Savior is in the womb as of the house of David.
In his speech, it is clear that Zechariah does not speak of John the Baptist (at least not until verse 76) because of the fact that it was born of a father and a mother who was the tribe of Levi .
Thus, while aware of the relationship that unites his wife Miriam, Zachrie considered as part of the house of David.
It is clear from the foregoing that Miriam was of the tribe of Judah, from the house of David and the lineage of Solomon.