We read in the Third Book of Maccabees:
31 Accordingly those disgracefully treated and near to death, or rather, who
stood at its gates, arranged for a Feast of Deliverance instead of a bitter and
lamentable death, and full of joy they apportioned to celebrants the place which
had been prepared for their destruction and burial.
32 They ceased their chanting of dirges and took up the song of their fathers,
praising God, their Savior and worker of wonders. Putting an end to all mourning
and wailing, they formed choruses as a sign of peaceful joy.
33 Likewise also the king, after convening a great banquet to celebrate these
events, gave thanks to heaven unceasingly and lavishly for the unexpected rescue
which he had experienced.
34 And those who had previously believed that the Jews would be destroyed and
become food for birds, and had joyfully registered them, groaned as they
themselves were overcome by disgrace, and their fire-breathing boldness was
35 But the Jews, when they had arranged the aforementioned choral group, as we
have said before, passed the time in feasting to the accompaniment of joyous
thanksgiving and psalms.
36 And when they had ordained a public rite for these things in their whole
community and for their descendants, they instituted the observance of the
aforesaid days as a festival, not for drinking and gluttony, but because of the
deliverance that had come to them through God.
37 Then they petitioned the king, asking for dismissal to their homes.
38 So their registration was carried out from the twenty-fifth of Pachon to the
fourth of Epeiph, for forty days; and their destruction was set for the fifth to
the seventh of Epeiph, the three days
39 on which the Lord of all most gloriously revealed his mercy and rescued them
all together and unharmed.
40 Then they feasted, provided with everything by the king, until the
fourteenth day, on which also they made the petition for their dismissal.
(3 Macc. 6:31-40)
The Feast of Deliverance (Chag Yeshua) was established by our forefathers as
seven days of rejoicing from the 8th to the 14th of the Egyptian month of Epeiph
(2Macc. 6:37-40). The Egyptian calendar of the time was a Solar Calendar and
these days on the Egyptian calendar of that time correspond to 19-25 August 217
BCE on the Julian Calendar and this was 12th-18th Elul 3544 on the Hebrew
Therefore the International Nazarene Beit Din declares that each year the 12th
through the 18th of Elul shall be celebrated as CHAG YESHUA, The Feast of