Nazarene Space

Milk and Meat Halacha
Passed by the International Nazarene Beit Din
10-5-2011

Three times the Torah commands us: "You shall not seethe a kid in its
mother's milk." (Exodus 23:19, Exodus 34:26 and Deuteronomy 14:21)

Simeon b. Yohai says, "On what account is this matter repeated three times?"
"One serves to prohibit eating it, one to derive benefit from it, and the third
to cooking it under any circumstances"
(Mekhilta LXXX:II:6)

Is it permitted to eat meat with milk?

Zakan Ingalls says: If we look at the archeology of a place called Ras-Shamra, it appears that seething a kid in its mother's milk was a pagan Canaanite ritual. A Ugaritic text says: "Over the fire seven times the sacrificers cook a kid in milk..." Driver, G.R., Canaanite Myths and Legends. Edinburgh: T.& T. Clark, 1956. p.121.

Rabbi Trimm says: Simeon b. Yohai was active after the destruction of the
Temple and after Nazarenes and Rabbinic Judaism separated. His interpretation
is very weak based solely on the fact that the prohibition appears three times in
the Torah, and from this he derives this halacha. He did not learn this
interpretation from his teacher Rabbi Akiva, for Akiva taught a totally
different reason that the prohibition was given three times:

Rabbi Akiva says, "On what account is this matter repeated three times?"
"One is to encompass, in particular, a domesticated beast, the second a wild
beast, the third a fowl."
(Mekhilta LXXX:II:8)

Moreover there is no record of any debate of this issue between Hillel and
Shammai themselves, and no mention of the decree in the Dead Sea Scrolls.

However the first century commentator Philo writes:

(142) And our lawgiver endeavors to surpass even himself, being a man of every
kind of resource which can tend to virtue, and having a certain natural aptitude
for virtuous recommendations; for he commands that one shall not take an animal
from the mother, whether it be a lamb, or a kid, or any other creature belonging
to the flocks or herds, before it is weaned. And having also given a command
that no one shall sacrifice the mother and the offspring on the same day, he
goes further, and is quite prodigal on the particularity of his injunctions,
adding this also, "Thou shalt not seethe a lamb in his mother's
Milk."{22}{exodus 23:19.} (143) For he looked upon it as a very terrible thing
for the nourishment of the living to be the seasoning and sauce of the dead
animal, and when provident nature had, as it were, showered forth milk to
support the living creature, which it had ordained to be conveyed through the
breasts of the mother, as if through a regular channel, that the unbridled
licentiousness of men should go to such a height that they should slay both the
author of the existence of the other, and make use of it in order to consume the
body of the other. (144) And if any one should desire to dress flesh with milk,
let him do so without incurring the double reproach of inhumanity and impiety.
There are innumerable herds of cattle in every direction, and some are every day
milked by the cowherds, or goatherds, or shepherds, since, indeed, the milk is
the greatest source of profit to all breeders of stock, being partly used in a
liquid state and partly allowed to coagulate and solidify, so as to make cheese.
So that, as there is the greatest abundance of lambs, and kids, and all other
kinds of animals, the man who seethes the flesh of any one of them in the milk
of its own mother is exhibiting a terrible perversity of disposition, and
exhibits himself as wholly destitute of that feeling which, of all others, is
the most indispensable to, and most nearly akin to, a rational soul, namely,
compassion.
(Philo, On the Virtues)

The International Nazarene Beit Din Rules:

The decree against eating meat with milk is a late Rabbinic chiddush
(innovation) and not authoritative to Nazarene Judaism.

Views: 86

Replies to This Discussion

The final ruling of the Beit Din after considering all of the evidence was:

The decree against eating meat with milk is a late Rabbinic chiddush
(innovation) and not authoritative to Nazarene Judaism.

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